SUDAN - THE LAND OF KUSH
 
Day 1 - Tuesday 13th November 2018
Depart London Heathrow on 13th November arrive at Khartoum airport in the early hours of the 14th. We fly Turkish Airlines with a stop in Istanbul. On arrival we transfer to our hotel The Holiday Villa and check in for two nights. 
 
Day 2 - 14th November - Khartoum Museum 
Breakfast at the hotel and the morning is at leisure. This afternoon we visit the Archaeological Museum to view two beautiful temples rescued by UNESCO and moved from the Lake Nasser area when it was flooded. Before sunset we take a boat ride to see the confluence of the Blue and White Nile. Dinner in a local restaurant before we return to The Holiday Villa. (BD) 
 
Day 3 - Khartoum, Old Dongola, Karima 
After breakfast we begin the journey northward through the Western desert to Wadi Muqaddam with its many acacia trees. We will stop at the “chai houses”, literally tea houses, a type of spartan motorway services in the desert. We visit the archaeological site of Old Dongola with the ruins of the Christian capital Makuria. In the late afternoon we reach the small town of Karima and check in to the Nubian Rest House at the foot of Jebel Barkal for three nights. (BLD) 
 
THE NUBIAN REST- HOUSE IN KARIMA 
Karima is a small town located on the right Bank of the Nile, close to the famous archaeological site at the foot of Jebel Barkal, south of the 4th Cataract. The Nubian Rest House is a charming small hotel built in the typical Nubian style just at the foot of Jebel Barkal, the holy mountain of the Egyptian and Nubian Pharaohs. It is set in a large private enclosure, with a nice garden. Each of the air conditioned rooms has its own private bathroom and a pleasant veranda. A reception, a restaurant and a living room complete the wonderful setting. All the buildings are made with local bricks covered by hand-spread clay plaster as traditionally used in the Nubian area.
 
Day 4 - Karima, Jebel Barkal, El Kurru and Nuri
Jebel Barkal was the southern limit of the empire of Egypt under Pharaoh Thuthmose III and here we find the temple dedicated to Amun. We also see several sculptured granite rams that bordered a causeway leading to the Nile. The Jebel Barkal archaeological sites are on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list. We continue southwards to the village of El Kurru, where we see the necropolis of the ancient capital, Napata. Here we can visit a tomb excavated in the rock under pyramids, and decorated with images of the Pharaoh, the gods and hieroglyphic inscriptions. Not far from here there is an interesting site of petrified wood, an ancient forest with hundreds of huge tree trunks. In the afternoon we visit the Necropolis of Nuri before returning to Karima and our Rest-House. (BLD) 
 
Day 5 - Karima, Old Dongola, Nubian Villages
Today we drive north west across the Nubian Desert to reach the village of Tombos. Here we visit a stelae on the shore of the Nile, where we can also see a small cataract, the granite quarries and the remains of a statue of the King Taharqa left in the desert sands. We then head south until we reach the ancient town of Kerma where we visit the monumental “Defuffa” a unique structure in Nubian architecture and a newly opened museum. In the late afternoon we return to Karima. (BLD)  
 
Day 6 - Karima, Bayuda Desert, Meroe
Today we cross the Nile to enter the Bayuda Desert and the Wadi Abu Dom. This desert is an area bounded by the loop that the Nile forms between the 4th and the 6th Cataract, and is characterised by sharp black basalt mountains, most of them volcanic and typically cone-shaped. They alternate with level stretches of pebble and large valleys crossed by dry wadis, where a little vegetation can be seen. It is likely we may meet isolated groups of Bisharin nomads, who live in small huts close to the rare water wells. After a picnic in the desert, we continue across the desert to reach the Nile River. Here we cross the Nile on the Pontoon, a local ferry. Once on the other side of the River we follow the main road south, and then we will see more than 40 pyramids belonging to the Royal Necropolis of Meroe. We arrive at the permanent tented camp of Meroe for two nights. Accommodation is in comfortable and fully furnished tents with beautiful views of the pyramids. Dinner and overnight. (BLD) 
 
THE MEROE CAMP
Meroe tented Camp is located in Bagarwyia, (about 230 km. north of Khartoum) overlooking the iconic pyramids of Meroe. Each tent has its own private bathroom hut with shower and toilet. The camp is located 2 km from the Royal Necropolis. Each tent is equipped with a veranda with two comfortable chairs enabling you to relax in front of the astonishing view of more than forty pyramids. The tents have electricity produced by a generator working until 11:00 pm. A restaurant building is available for meals. 
 
Day 7 - Meroe
The Royal necropolis of Meroe is located at about 3 km from the Nile on hills covered by yellow sand dunes. Several pyramids stand out with their sharp shapes silhouetted against the clear blue sky. Each one has its own funerary chapel with the walls decorated with bas-reliefs that show the King’s life and offerings to the gods. We lunch at the Camp. In the afternoon we move along the Nile to visit the ruins of the royal city, much of which is still to be excavated. Dinner and overnight stay at camp. (BLD) 
 
Day 8 - Naga & Mussawarat Temples, Khartoum
After breakfast we drive south to visit two archaeological sites. The site of Naga is located about 30 km to the east of the Nile and it is one of the two centres that developed during the Meroitic period. In Naga, in a typical Saharan environment with rocks and sand, we find a temple dedicated to Apedemak. Nearby we find a temple dedicated to Amun with many statues of rams and beautifully decorated gates. We then go to Mussawarat and the ruins of a temple with a Great Enclosure and boundary walls with many representations of elephants. Close by we view another temple dedicated to the god Apedemak. Late afternoon we reach our hotel,  The Holiday Villa in Khartoum and overnight. (BL)
 
Day 9 - Khartoum city tour
After a leisurely breakfast at the hotel we cross the confluence between the Blue and the White Nile near the Presidential Palace, where in 1885 General Gordon was beheaded by the Mahdi’s troops. We continue to Omdurman, the old capital of Sudan, where we see the Mahdi’s Tomb from outside and the Khalifas’ House Museum. In the afternoon we visit the colourful souk of Omdurman. In Khartoum North we may also see Nuba Wrestling. We return to the hotel for our day use rooms, available until we leave for the airport at 23.30. (B) 
 
Day 9 - 10  Thursday 22nd November 2018
We transfer to the airport for our international flight on Turkish Airlines via Istanbul, departing 03.05 on 22nd November. Arrival in London Heathrow mid-morning.
 
Note: Travel through the desert will be in comfortable Toyota Land Cruisers. Please note there will be some long hours travelling through the desert to get to some of these remote and rarely visited sites.
 
(B) = Breakfast (BL) = Breakfast and Lunch (BLD) = Breakfast Lunch and Dinner
 

SUDAN -The Land of Kush with Chris Naunton

 

DEPARTURE DATE: Tuesday 13th November 2018

TOUR CODE: AWSK 131118

 

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